Mabel Normand Takes the Wheel

Mabel Normand is one of those names. Fans of early cinema know it well and are aware of its significance to both film history and women’s history. To casual film fans it might ring a bell but probably mostly in relation to Charlie Chaplin or to scandal. To the majority of people, (let’s face it, us early film fans aren’t as common as we wish) it is a name that doesn’t ring any bell at all. And isn’t that the awful truth for countless names of great women in history? This is my attempt to share with the world one of those great women who are all too often forgotten.

Mabel Normand

Mabel Normand was a lot of things. She was beautiful, talented, funny, smart, and strong-willed. She appeared to have an unquenchable zest for life. After a modeling career that found her face on numerous advertisements and products, Mabel entered the film industry. She began her acting career at Kalem Company in New York City before quickly moving onto Biograph with D.W. Griffith. Mabel was no fit for Griffith, and vice versa, but she did meet the man who would help her in reaching much greater heights: Mack Sennett. When Biograph moved out west to California, Mabel joined Vitagraph where she starred in comedy shorts alongside comedian John Bunny. It wasn’t long before Mack Sennett created his own film company, better known as Keystone Studios, and convinced Mabel to join him. Mabel showed to have a true knack for comedy and soon found herself cast in Sennett’s comedy shorts. But Mabel wasn’t just acting in these films. She was directing and writing them as well. IMDb credits Mabel with directing 10 films, writing 6 films, and producing 1, but there is no telling how many times she performed those jobs without credit. By 1916, she created her own company as a subsidiary of the Triangle Film Corporation with Mack Sennett as a partner. Unfortunately, it folded along with many others a couple of years later when Triangle could no longer support it. However, it goes to show just how much power Mabel had in those early days of Hollywood.


Mabel Normand Feature Film Co. (x)

But we’re here specifically to look at Mabel’s comedy short Mabel at the Wheel from 1914. The film is one of the ten films that credit Mabel with being director. According to IMDb, Mabel and Mack co-directed the picture. I do however wonder if Mack is listed as co-director in name only since Mabel had an undeniable power over him at times. The film stars Mabel alongside Harry McCoy, Charlie Chaplin, Chester Conklin, and Mack Sennett, to name a few. It features Mabel as the lover of a race car driver who is set to take part in a big race. Chaplin plays the villain who wants to sabotage the race by ensuring that Mabel’s beau does not win. Chaplin and his accomplices abduct Mabel’s boyfriend and tie him up to prevent him from racing. Fortunately for him, Mabel is more than willing to get behind the wheel and take matters into her own hands. She makes the rounds on the race track as Chaplin attempts to throw her off but Mabel successfully swerves around and dodges all roadblocks. In the end, Mabel triumphs by winning the race. Overall, Mabel at the Wheel is standard Keystone fare with lots of brick-throwing and pratfalls. But it is certainly entertaining and Mabel shines from start to finish.


Image result for mabel at the wheel 1914

Mabel was the star of several comedy shorts in 1914, beginning a series of films that featured her name in the title. She also began working with Charlie Chaplin, who at the time was a newcomer to the movie industry. Initially, Chaplin wasn’t too keen on being bossed around by Mabel. It became enough of an issue that Sennett had to give them both the title of director, making them co-directors, in several of their films together. Mabel remembered,  “We reciprocated. I would direct Charlie in his scenes, and he would direct me in mine. We worked together in developing the comedy action, taking a basic idea and constantly adding new gags. Each day Charlie would come to the set brimming with new ideas, which he would act out for me. I would add my suggestions, and soon we were ready for a take.”1

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Charlie Chaplin as the villain in ‘Mabel at the Wheel’ (x)

Despite a rocky start, Mabel and Chaplin maintained a decent relationship throughout the rest of her life. He owed a lot to her for her advice and aid in his transition into film. Mabel taught Chaplin gags and the tricks of the trade which undoubtedly served him well. For example, Chaplin’s performance in Mabel at the Wheel is not quite on par with his later performances. He had not yet mastered the comedic style that would establish him as a comedy legend but he began to hone his skills as he continued to appear on-screen with Mabel. That is not to say that Mabel gained nothing from him or that Chaplin did not have ideas or talent of his own. Just that Mabel hasn’t always been given due credit for the role she played in Chaplin’s film career.

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Charlie and Mabel in ‘Gentlemen of Nerve in 1914’

In fact, Mabel deserves a lot more credit and recognition for her role in early cinema in general. She was a pioneering woman in the areas of directing, writing, producing, and in comedy. Her surviving films are timeless and entertaining and prove that women were out there performing jobs in male-driven careers. Mabel is just one of many women in early film who have been forgotten or brushed aside by history. Fortunately, the tides are turning and these women are being recognized more and more. And I certainly believe that Mabel would be proud to know that her legacy has not been forgotten or over-shadowed by scandal.

In many ways, Mabel at the Wheel is representative of the real Mabel Normand. The film provides a glimpse at the star that Mabel was in the 1910s and it is easy to see why she was so loved. There’s something so magnetic, so charming about her on-screen performances that you can’t help but want more. Her beauty and zest for life, her love of fast cars, and her comedic skills are all on display here. At the same time, Mabel was not someone who could be taken advantage of or easily pushed around. She proves this to us as she triumphantly saves the day by winning the race against all odds. And as the title suggests, Mabel certainly wasn’t afraid to take the wheel when things weren’t quite going her way both on and off screen.

You simply can’t help but fall in love with and be greatly inspired by Mabel Normand.


***This piece was written for the Early Women Filmmakers Blogathon hosted by the lovely Fritzi at Movies Silently and sponsored by the Early Women Filmmakers: An International Anthology Blu-ray/DVD from Flicker Alley which you can find HERE.

Please click the banner below to read the other great entries!


  1. Lefler, Timothy Dean. Mabel Normand: The Life and Career of a Hollywood Madcap. (McFarland, 2016), Location 774.

The Official Website of the Mabel Normand Estate (


17 thoughts on “Mabel Normand Takes the Wheel

  1. What a great tribute to Mabel Normand- Bravo! I’ve walked all around Mabel’s studio in Hollywood, looking up at the comedy masks that still adorn the building, trying to visualize what it might have looked like, what it felt like to work there back in the day. Yep, I’m a big fan of magical Mabel.

    A wonderful review of Mabel at the Wheel- thank you for posting it!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Very nice. I agree that Mabel Normand deserves more credit than she generally gets – even for those ten movies on imdb, you can usually find a source somewhere that claims the “real” director was a man (usually Mack Sennett, Charlie Chaplin, or Roscoe Arbuckle). I tend to think she directed more than is acknowledged. I also think that her onscreen chemistry with Chaplin never quite worked; she’s more likeable in the “Mabel” movies that co-star Arbuckle, or on her own. Still, this movie has a warm place in my heart – it’s where I started out my blog, 3 years ago!

    Liked by 1 person

    • I too believe she directed more than is acknowledged. That’s one of those extremely frustrating things about documented history. And I agree about her chemistry being better with Arbuckle. I’ll have to check out your review and blog! Thanks so much for reading and sharing your thoughts.

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Thank you so much for joining in! It’s such a shame that Normand is so often defined by her relationships with male co-stars and lovers when she had so much talent all her own. Thanks for celebrating her skills behind the camera!

    Liked by 1 person

    • Of course! And thank you so much for hosting this blogathon. I admire your site greatly. I wish Mabel was more remembered but hopefully that is changing along with the many other forgotten women. Thanks for reading and sharing your thoughts!


  4. This film is a fave of mine. I love Mabel in it, and I especially love Mabel DRIVING in this film. There’s something cathartic about it – perfect for the end of a rough day.

    I really enjoyed your tribute to the fab Mabel. 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

  5. “You simply can’t help but fall in love with and be greatly inspired by Mabel Normand” — That is an excellent summary of Mabel’s appeal. I have enjoyed every Mabel Normand movie that I have seen.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Good to see I’m not the only one touched by ‘Mabel Dust’. She was truly ‘not of this world’. However, there is no evidence that Mabel set up any company, and that includes the Mabel Normand Feaature Film Company. This company was set up by New York Motion Pictures with Tom Ince in charge. Sennett somehow managed to worm his way in, mainly by putting up finance, drawn, it seems, from Keystone. We can only guess at the reason the company was set up, but the best guess is that meal-ticket Mabel was threatening to ‘jump ship’. In reality this is all tied in with the fact that her male co-stars had all moved, or were on, to their own studios within the bigger companies. Why didn’t Mabel ever set up a company – quite simply she was (unlike Mary Pickford) lousy with money. See my blog on Charlie and Mabel. Feel free to tear it apart!!

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Like me, you’re obviously smitten with ‘Mabel Dust’. A good essay, but where did you get your information that Mabel was involved in the financial shenanigans that led to the founding of The Mabel Normand Feature Film Co? I have looked high and low for this evidence over the last year (including in Sennett’s private papers). At the moment the whole background looks very shadowy, and Mabel never said she had anything to do with it, although it is clear that she had the original idea (other big stars had their own studios within large corporations). I would be grateful if you could publish your source.

    Liked by 1 person

    • I will tell you I am not a Mabel expert. I adore her movies and think she was an important figure in Hollywood history and wrote this more or less as a tribute to her. I pulled mostly from two sources: her official website and a book by Timothy Dean Lefler called “Mabel Normand: The Life and Career of a Hollywood Madcap.” His main source is Marilyn Slater’s blog “Looking for Mabel Normand.” He also relies on some interviews. Of course, as you know, facts surrounding her life are very hard to come by and I trust your research about the company. Thanks for reading and for sharing your knowledge! I’m always open to learning something new and I do hope you can figure out what really happened! It sounds like you’ve done some great research already.

      Liked by 1 person

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